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Networking

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Mar. 24th, 2006 | 10:20 am
posted by: null_variable in cptnotes

Windows Servers! Servers servers servers!!

Windows Networking

From a historical perspective:
NT 4.0
Windows 2000
Windows 2003

There were actually a couple versions before Windows NT 4.0…those three versions of Windows network operating systems are still around. You could also clump in here Windows XP pro. So when Microsoft go into Networking, then had Windows for Work Groups (before that they were in partnership with IBM with this thing called LAN Manager, which was cool in the 80s but is crap now. It used 30-ish commands from the command line letting you transfer files and looking at who’s on the network, etc…lots of those commands are still in Windows, actually [net ? in command prompt]). Windows for Work Groups was a peer-to-peer network. It was popular, partly because it was dirt cheap. Windows came out with Windows NT 3.51, which had an actual server. Novell had a server as well. Novell used the IPX protocol (which configures itself, and while it worked well on Novell boxes, it couldn’t surf the net), while Windows (who didn’t wanna use Novell’s protocol) used TCP/IP. When the internet exploded onto the scene, Novell couldn’t surf it, but Windows could! So now Window’s has a server, and can create and modify users, etc. NT 3.51 lasted ‘til 95-ish, when it was replaced by NT 4.0. At the time, it was very secure. NT 4.0 and Novell were competing for clients (ie. schools, small businesses; Bigger companies has UNIX or IBM stuff) to have more of their server. By 99, Windows NT 4.0 has servers and workstations, because they were very secure [or we thought they were], but they weren’t really built for big networks because they were broadcast based. So Microsoft went from NT 4.0 to Windows 200 [in 2000]; so now you’ve got 2000 Server and 2000 Professional. There were also Windows 98, 95 and ME. 98, 95, me, Bob, 3.1, 3.0 – these were all for clients; not meant to be networked. In order for them to be, you have to add a client to it (a little piece of software that allows you to talk to a server). 2000 Professional has got that built in. Then XP Pro came out between Windows 2000 and Windows 2003. (XP Home is a frivolous, crippled version of XP Pro) So nowadays we have Many Windows 2000 and 2003 servers, and some NT 4.0 servers to run specialized applications/custom software, etc. Those are the platforms.

Network Terms

Server - a server
&emsp - file server
&emsp&emsp&emsp - Novell
&emsp&emsp&emsp - Microsoft
&emsp - web server
&emsp - ftp server
&emsp - application server
&emsp&emsp&emsp - UNIX
&emsp&emsp&emsp - Linux
&emsp&emsp&emsp - Citrix

A) Client – the computer you connect to the server; aka workstations
&emsp - 98
&emsp - 95
&emsp - me
&emsp - Bob
&emsp - 3.1
&emsp - 3.0
B) Client – the software put on a workstation that allows it to connect to a server

Broadcast Based vs Directory Based Networking

NOS = Networking Operating System
Most NOSes now are not broadcast based.

X.500 Directory Services Protocol
(X.500 is a database)

LDAP – Lightweight directory access protocol

Novell directory services – NDS

Microsoft Active Directory (Windows 2000 server)

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